Leadership is both a research field and a practical skill encompassing the capability of an individual or organization to "direct" or guide different individuals, teams, or entire organizations. Specialist literature debates various perspectives, contrasting Eastern and Western approaches to leadership, and also (within the West) US vs. European approaches. US academic environments define leadership as "a practice of social influence in which a individual could enlist the help and support of other people in the achievement of a common task".
Direction seen from a European and non-academic perspective encompasses a view of a leader that can be transferred not only by communitarian targets but also by the search for personal power. Leadership can derive from a combination of factors.
Studies of leadership have generated theories regarding traits, behavioural discussion, role, behavior, ability, vision and values, charisma, and intelligence, among others.
A leadership style is a pioneer's style of offering direction, executing plans, and inspiring people. It is the philosophy, character, and experience of the leader's end result. Rhetoric specialists also have developed models for understanding leadership (Robert Hariman, Political Style, Philippe-Joseph Salazar, L'Hyperpolitique. Technologies politiques De La Domination).
Different situations call for different leadership styles. In a crisis when there is little time to converge within an arrangement and where a designated authority has much more experience or expertise than the rest of the team, an autocratic leadership style could be bestnevertheless, at an extremely motivated and aligned team with a homogeneous degree of expertise, a more democratic or Laissez-faire style might be more successful. The design adopted should be the one which most effectively achieves the aims of the group while balancing the interests of its individual members.
A field in which leadership style has gained strong focus is that of military science, lately expressing a holistic and integrated view of leadership, including how a leader's physical presence determines how others perceive that leader. The variables of physical presence are military bearing, physical fitness, confidence, and resilience. The leader's intellectual capacity helps to conceptualize alternatives and get knowledge to do the job. A leader's conceptual skills employ agility, judgment, innovation, social tact, and domain knowledge. Domain knowledge for leaders encompasses tactical and technical knowledge as well as cultural and geopolitical significance.